Actualizing tendency is a term coined by Rogers to describe an inherent tendency within ourselves to grow and reach our full potential. This is a priori theory which depicts a fundamental construct of human nature- that we are all born with the ability to do great things and develop into the best versions of ourselves.
Actualizing tendency is a theory rooted in change, a discourse of continual flourishing until we reach the denouement of self-actualisation. Instead of human beings being seen as a tabula rasa, or ‘blank slates’ as many empiricist philosophers believe, this concept of actualising tendency considers the idea that we have an innate substance that develops over time based on our experiences and ways of thinking.
The evolution of this innate substance consequently results in changes to certain beliefs we hold and the behaviours we develop over time.
Eudaimonia: Aristotle’s Conception of Human Flourishing
Aristotle discussed ‘eudaimonia’ – a kind of human flourishing. Through the cultivation of our virtues, thoughts and actions, Aristotle believed we were subject to a kind of existential growth, or as he termed it –flourishing.
For Aristotle, being a good and virtuous person is not due to doing the right thing according to societal rules; instead, it is acting in accordance with wisdom. A wisdom that we acquire over time and through practice. Eventually, acting in alignment with virtuous principles becomes habitual, and in turn, we flourish, reaching the epitome of our potential.
Roger’s Assumptions for Cultivating Actualising Tendency
The key initiator of unlocking potential and the one who coined the term ‘actualising tendency’ is Rogers. In order to establish actualising tendency Rogers has to acknowledge two base assumptions of person-based therapy.
First is formative tendency which is a basic acknowledgement that all living things evolve into more complex forms over time. The second assumption is actualising tendency, that we can develop into our ideal self over time, with the right thoughts and actions.
Rogers believed that all creatures strive to make the very best of their existence to develop to their full potential. In order to achieve this, there is a movement from resistance to change into a feeling of self-actualization. The theory is existential and bound to the concepts of time, acknowledgement and positive growth.
Rogers believed society and culture to be naturally occurring byproducts of actualising tendency, which came into being from this intrinsic motivation to realise potential inherent in all humankind.
How To Actualise Your Potential
Finding something you are truly passionate about will uncover attributes you didn’t know you had, leading you to find genuine joy in your pursuits. However, it can hard to discover what we are passionate about. So how can we overcome this paradigm?
To actualise, action is arguably the key to discovery. Trying a variety and abundance of different activities or pursuits can help you to realise what you enjoy, and what you don’t. Even if you don’t discover your passion, experiencing a wide variety of activities will, in itself, enable growth and further you on your path of refinement and self-discovery.
This process of experimental action and self-development will enable you to incorporate your new found passions into various forms of joy in your life, and consequently, you will have a tendency of actually getting and feeling what you want in life. You don’t have to do things you dislike, this will only cause boredom and stagnation, instead, acting upon what you love will bring about happiness, and positive change.
Breaking Old Habits: Finding Opportunities for Growth
Beck’s theory of cognitive distortion theory states that depression does not stem from a dark past, but from our current misconceptions. Our perception of our current state of affairs tends to contribute to the emotions we experience; hence if we resolve these underlying distortions and expand their limitations, we can move forward, growing in the process.
Learning to deal with conflict and how to resolve it is one of the keys to growth and fortunately, tends to be unavoidable in human life. Conflict is a hidden gift and we should embrace it, cherishing the lessons that it teaches us.
The assumption that things will never get better, that negative patterns are everywhere and unsurmountable will keep you in a rut and if you do not actively seek to change your circumstances you are likely to end up self-sabotaging your opportunities for growth and development.
Changing your Thought Patterns: Removing the Obstacles to Self-Actualization
The thoughts you have, create how you feel and thus if you change your thought systems you can create a new way of feeling. Psychotherapy methods can bring about change, as they cause us to reevaluate our thought styles, behavioural patterns and methods of coping. When we reflect upon these ways of being, we are able to put into place new techniques that positively impact our perceptions and feelings.
When engaging with this process we can access the potential that is locked within us, consequently opening up opportunities for self-actualisation. But what about those who don’t change?
How Actualising Tendency Is Applied to Society
This is a relevant problem, some individuals seem only to regress, not progress in society. It could be argued that certain traumatic events, upbringings and socio-economic circumstances could have a strong negative effect on these individual and in turn cause self-sabotaging behaviours that thus oppress the possibility of reaching one’s full potential.
This is true because the individual, due to extraneous circumstances is stuck in a particular, fixed mindset. However, if utilising the viewpoint of actualising tendency, an individual can be seen to have this potential throughout their life, and it is merely a matter of unlocking it.
There is always the opportunity for self-development, progress and positive change and based on the assumptions stated by Rogers; there is even intrinsic motivation to do so.
All we have to do is start breaking old habits.
The Psychology of Evil: A TED Talk
If you are interested in understanding the criminal mind and seeing actualising tendency in action, then watch this TED talk by Philip Zimbardo.
Beck, A. (1963). Thinking and Depression: Idiosyncratic Content and Cognitive Distortions, Arch Gen Psychiatry.
Dupré, B. (2013). 50 Ethics Ideas You Really Need To Know. Quercus.
Moneta G. B. (2013). Positive Psychology: A Critical Introduction. Palgrave Macmillan.
Sheldon, K. M. (2009). Actualizing Tendency. The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology. DOI 10.1111/b.9781405161251.2009.x. Retrieved from http://www.blackwellreference.com/public/tocnode?id=g9781405161251_chunk_g97814051612513_ss1-3.